Consistently on July 11, the world notices World Population Day with the goal of highlighting the difficulties made by overpopulation and raising awareness to light about how overpopulation may hurt the ecosystem and progress of humanity. The day additionally talks about family planning, poverty, sexual equality, maternal health, civil rights, and the health concerns that childbearing ladies defy.
India has the world’s second-biggest people after China, and in the current days of the Covid-19 pandemic, managing a major population proved difficult during the second rush of the pandemic, which raised the country’s fatality rate.
Accordingly, focusing emphasis on population management in the nation as well as on an overall scale is basic.
History of World Population Day:
In 1989, World Population Day was set up by the Governing Council of the United National Development Program as an outgrowth of the premium produced continuously of Five Billion, which was seen on 11 July, 1987. When, presently it is important to produce mindfulness among generate awareness about the populace issues and the effect they have on improvement and the environment.
A few associations like United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), governments, and non-governmental organisations coordinate educational activities and different occasions on this day.
The United Nations General Assembly by goal 45/216 of December 1990, chose to keep observing World Population Day to bring issues to light of populace issues and their relations to the climate and improvement. On 11 July, 1990, the day was first set apart in excess of 90 nations. From that point forward, various UNFPA country offices and different associations and institutions commemorate World Population Day in organization with governments and civil society.
Theme of World Population Day 2021:
The theme of World Population Day 2021 is “Rights and Choices are the Answer: Whether baby boom or bust, the solution to shifting fertility rates lies in prioritising all people’s reproductive health and rights.”
Significance of World Population Day:
This day helps in making awareness with respect to the significance of family planning, civil right, poverty, and how overpopulation is harming the progress of humanity and the ecosystem. After China, India remains at the second situation on the world most populous country list. Because of the great pace of populace, India confronted numerous difficulties in controlling the outbreak of COVID-19 of every 2020-21.
As per UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, “Sustainable Development 2030 agenda is the world’s blueprint for a better future for all on a healthy planet. On World Population Day we recognise that this mission is closely interrelated with demographic trends including population growth, ageing, migration, and urbanisation”.
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